Magic mushrooms can be simply understood as a type or class of mushroom family. They are well known for their psychoactive nature and hallucinogenic effects. And this psychoactive effect in this mushroom type is due to a chemical compound namely psilocybin. As per research and studies, this compound is closely related to psychological impacts and most prominent of which is the alteration in the feelings, thoughts, and senses.
Due to this effect, the mushroom can be somewhat addictive. Additionally, no formal and recommended medical or medicinal usage of this mushroom has been discovered so far. Here is everything You should be aware of regarding magic mushrooms.
Historical background and discovery:
If we talk about the historical background, this type of mushroom has been used for centuries but to a limited level. And the reason behind limited usage was their psychoactive nature as told in the beginning.
It is worth mentioning here that some people in past ages have been considering magic mushrooms as a naturally existing and spiritual drug. They had been using it to get high with peace. But scientific studies and research have not found any link between this mushroom with medicinal or treatment usage. Moreover, studies have revealed that the chances of misuse of this drug are also considerably high.
As far as the discovery of magic mushrooms is concerned, it was Dr. Albert Hofmann who came up with discovery of magic mushrooms in the year 1958. After the discovery of the magic mushroom, it has been prepared via cultural techniques.
Commonly used names:
Magic mushrooms have been known by a lot of different names. The most commonly and widely used names for this specie of mushrooms are as given below.
- Liberty caps
- Golden tops
- Blue meanies
- Philosopher’s stones
So, if you see any of the above-mentioned names anywhere, you can easily find out that the subject being discussed is magic mushrooms.
How do distinguish magic mushrooms from others?
As we know that a lot of species and types of mushrooms have been discovered and known so far. So, it can be difficult for one to find out whether a certain mushroom belongs to the magic mushroom family or not.
But there is nothing to worry about it as there are some physical or appearance-related features that distinguish magic mushrooms from others. Some of these features are stated below.
- Dry in nature
- Lengthy and slim stem structure
- Brown colored caps
- Stems featuring white and grey colors
If a mushroom species or type has any of the above-stated features in it, they belong to psilocybin mushrooms. In this way, you can easily distinguish them from others.
Modes of usage or intake:
There are different modes people have been using for ancient times for intake of psilocybin mushrooms. If you are newly introduced to this mushroom type, you need to have some knowledge about various modes or methods of intake of this mushroom.
Some of the widely used methods in this regard are mentioned below. You can choose the one you feel comfortable with yourself.
- Mixing with eatables and food items
- A solution of this mushroom and drinking stuff like tea and breweries
- Smoking this product while mixed with tobacco, cannabinoids, and other related products
- It is also noteworthy that this mushroom is also available in liquid form and can be extracted accordingly. This liquid is brownish and clear.
How does psilocybin mushroom work?
Magic mushrooms once taken produce a hallucinogenic effect in the body as mentioned earlier as well. And hallucinogenic effect covers a wide range of symptoms and bodily conditions. Some of the common examples of these symptoms are enhanced sensation, abnormal psychological behavior, feeling what is not real, etc.
And all thing that causes mainly the development of feelings and sensations is the conversion or transformation of the chemical compound psilocybin into psilocin. As a result of this conversion, when the psilocin level enhances in the human body, it causes an abnormal change in serotonin level.
And serotonin is a chemical compound that primarily occurs and works in the brain. Any abnormality in its level causes the abnormality in the feelings and perceptions which is known as getting high.
However, it must be kept in mind that the intensity or extent to which psilocybin affects the mental condition depends upon various factors. Some major of these factors are
- The amount or quantity taken
- Size to weight ratio of the person taking this compound
- Mental health
- Mental condition while doing intake
- Purity of the substance or chemical
The effect of this mushroom can be estimated by keeping the above-stated aspects in mind. When it comes to the activation or affecting time, the symptoms of the mushroom intake start appearing within a few minutes i-e twenty to thirty minutes. And the effect may continue for hours. On average it does not last longer than a period of six hours.
Prominent usage symptoms:
After intake of shrooms, one may experience certain symptoms. Some major symptoms of usage of this mushroom include nausea, feelings of anxiety, a considerable change in perception level, and sensitivity.
In addition to the distorted working of the brain, the intake of shrooms causes abnormality in the metabolic rate of the body. Disturbance in the metabolic rate mostly results in the enhanced or boosted digestion of food leading to a higher level of appetite or in other words hunger level.
What do modern researchers say about shrooms?
Though they are not fully prescribed or recommended for any sort of medicinal use or the curation of any disorder, still they can help and assist in overcoming certain health-related issues. And all these findings are based upon modern research conducted in highly reputed educational institutions including John Hopkins University.
John Hopkins University has recently recommended allowing psilocybin for the treatment of certain medical/ health disorders. The research carried out at this university has revealed that using psilocybin showed a remarkable improvement and recovery in those suffering from depression and hypertension.
Not only this but a controlled and calculated consumption of this chemical compound also helped in overcoming addiction to nicotine and other similar addictives. This means that magic mushrooms can also be used for treatment purposes to some extent.
Moreover, it has also been indicated from research-based studies that psilocybin mushrooms have some role in neutralizing the after-effects of certain intense treatments or curative measures. At the same time, it has also been found that they can be beneficial somewhat for people suffering from Alzheimer’s disease, opioid withdrawal or addiction, PTSD as well as Anorexia Nervosa.
Keeping in view this aspect, some of the cities in the world and especially in the US have removed the possession of shrooms from the category of criminal activity.
Possible side effects:
There can be a lot of side effects of psilocybin intake no matter whether it is in the form of mushrooms or any other source. There are various psychological impacts of the intake of a said chemical compound, including addiction and withdrawal symptoms. Here are the major side effects that can be easily observed in a person who is using shrooms on regular basis or who are doing misusing this drug.
- Anxiety or nervousness
- Panic attacks
- Distorted working of CNS
- Disturbed motor control
- Weight reduction
- Poor coordination of body muscles
- Abnormal blood pressure
Overdosing of psilocybin-containing objects like mushrooms can have more intense and harmful side effects. Before knowing them, one thing that needs to be cleared is why overdosing occurs and how many chances are there for overdosing.
It must be kept in mind that the more you use the shrooms, the more resistance or tolerance your body develops. And tolerance means that the response of your body towards the drug is reduced remarkably.
We can understand it in a way that if a body of a person is getting a certain effect from a small amount of psilocybin, next time the body of that person will need relatively more amount of the same substance or drug to get that much effect.
In short, we can say that it is tolerance or resistance of your body that may lead to overdosing. Overdosing can have serious side effects like diarrhea, deterioration of muscles, vomiting, panic attacks, and psychosis.
How to grow magic mushrooms?
Growing magic mushrooms is not a big deal, and you can grow them easily even when you have previously no knowledge in this regard. The reason behind it is simple and easy to follow methods or procedures for growing them.
The step-by-step procedure for growing psilocybin mushrooms stated below will provide you with complete guidance in this regard. Following this procedure, you will be able to grow these mushrooms without having any difficulty.
Knowing the suitable place for mushroom growth:
The very first step of the mushroom growing process is to determine and find out the appropriate place for this purpose. And you can do so only when you have some know-how about what type of environment or place magic mushrooms need for their growth.
It is worth mentioning here that mushrooms always need nutritious and wet or moisture-containing places. Because they need sufficient nutrients and cold moist places for their better growth. Therefore, whenever you are thinking of growing any type of mushrooms, you need to check out whether or not you have a cold area with moisture in it.
Even when you are searching out the mushrooms in any forest or field, you need to go first to the areas close to the water, as there is relatively more probability of finding mushrooms in the said areas. Moreover, you can also grow them in the fields provided that you have sufficient resources to provide water and needed nutrients.
Another important prerequisite here is to have the accurate recognition of the psilocybin mushrooms. And it is necessary just because many poisonous mushrooms have sometimes similarities with magic mushrooms. That’s why don’t forget to make sure that the mushroom you have selected is not a poisonous one like death cap/ death Angel.
Things needed to grow mushrooms:
The things needed for mushroom growth are generally available in the form of growing kits. A mushroom growth kit consists of very simple tools including the spore syringe, grow bag, etc.
If you don’t have a formal growth kit, you can prepare a simple one by having some necessary items. The major things that you will need for starting the mushroom growth include a spore syringe, clear water, flour of brown rice, and some other related stuff.
Apart from the above said basic things, you will also need a proper set of equipment to provide a suitable environment for the production of the mushrooms. This mainly includes a dozen of jars, bowls, good quality foil, large vessels, plastic boxes, hammers, nails, towels, perlite, etc.
You also need to comply with all safety measures including the availability of a face mask, protective gloves, etc. Moreover, you also need to have a proper light system and germ protection or sanitizers.
Once you have all the things needed for mushroom growth and you also have satisfied all the safety measures, then you may go for the step-by-step mechanism of mushroom growth as stated below.
Get the jars and vessels ready:
In this first step, take the jars and start making four holes in the lid of each. And the holes need to be equidistant. This pattern of holes will help in maintaining the proper ventilation. And don’t forget to disinfect or sterilize the tools before using them for this purpose.
For the preparation of the substrate, take two-third part of a cup filled with vermiculite. And then add one-fourth part of a cup of clear or distilled water to it. Now go for disinfection and take out excess water from it.
Put substrate into the jars:
Now is the time to put the substrate you have prepared into the jars up to a prescribed level reaching a little bit lower than the rims. After filling the jars, you are supposed to get sterilized the portion or walls of the jars that remain unfilled. To sterilize them, you will need rubbing alcohol.
After that put some of the dry vermiculite on top of the substrate.
Steaming of jars:
Once the jars have been filled with the substrate, the next step is steaming. And the streaming will need a proper setup of jars in a large vessel. Here is how you can do it.
First of all, seal the jars by placing jar lids and covering them completely with foil. The sealing of jars is necessary to make sure that no moisture or water droplets can enter them.
After successfully sealing the jars, place them in a large vessel in an arranged manner or pattern. However, before placing the jars, cover the floor of the vessel with a piece of cloth. And it is better to use a towel instead of a cloth.
After placing the jars, start pouring water into the vessel and take the water level up to half the height of the jars. Now start heating the vessel and keep doing so until one and half an hour. After that turn off the heat and let the vessel and jars cool down for a few hours.
Preparing the spore syringe:
Get the spores in a syringe and sterilize it well before filling it with spores. It can be done by heating the syringe needle to a high temperature until it develops red color. After heating to this temperature, cool it down and disinfect it through running alcohol.
Now the syringe is almost sterilized. So, fill it up with the spores and the spore syringe is ready for use. However, do not forget to use protective gloves and a mask to ensure your safety.
Empty spore syringe into the jars:
Now it is time to inject the spores into the jars. So, remove the foil from the top of each jar thus uncovering the lid. Insert the syringe into each of the four holes in the lid of every jar one by one, injecting ¼ cc of spores on every turn. Repeating the same, inject spores into all of the jars.
During the whole process of injecting the spores, don’t forget to rinse the needle or syringe with alcohol in order or avoid any infection or addition of impurity to the spores. And once the jars have been injected, cover the holes in jar lids with tape or any other material to avoid entry of any impurity.
Wait for the sprouting or reproduction:
After injecting the jars with a spore syringe, place them in a clean and safe environment. Another thing you need to be careful about is that avoid putting the jars in a place where there is direct sunlight falling on them. And after placing the jars in a beat, clean, safe, and sunlight-free area, wait for the reproduction to start.
After passing two weeks, you will observe the appearing mycelia of the magic mushrooms. At this stage, you need to keep an eye on the jars and observe how are magic mushrooms growing?
After the passage of one month, you will observe the proper clusters or colonies of the shrooms having a well-developed cake-like structure. This means that the psilocybin mushrooms are growing successfully. You can also wait for another week to let the colonies full grow.
However, if due to some reasons, no such reproduction or development of clusters is observed, then you need to immediately check out if there is an infection or other such problem.
In case you find any signs or symptoms of impurities or contaminated stuff, dispose of all the jars without waiting anymore. While doing so, make sure that you are following all safety measures to avoid any contamination of the nearby areas and environment.
Set the vessel up:
After the successful sprouting or reproduction of the spores and development of colonies of mushrooms, what you have to do is just set the vessel in a way that has a proper ventilation system. To do so, make holes of not more than one-fourth of an inch depth all around the container or vessel having jars in it. At the same time, place the vessel or container such that all of its sides including the top and bottom allow the passage of air through holes. This means that the vessel should be placed on four-cornered support.
Put a certain amount of perlite water in the vessel:
Take a certain amount of perlite in a porous vessel and run water on it. Allow the water passing through it to go to the bottom of the vessel. Allow the water-soaking perlite to pass into the base of the vessel and keep doing so until a layer gets firmed in the bottom of the vessel having a thickness not less than 5 inches.
Now you are almost done with the process of mushroom reproduction. And you can proceed towards the next step which is rehydration.
Rinse the substrate with water:
This process can also be termed rehydration because cakes or colonies of dried-up mushrooms are rinsed with water again at this stage. You can go through this step in the following way.
- Firstly, run the cold water over the substrate cakes.
- After getting them soaked with cold water, take mild-warm water and put them in it. While doing so, make sure that they are kept under the water surface instead of floating above.
- Keep them as it is for 24 hours.
Collect the cakes and shape them:
After keeping the cakes in water for one day i-e 24 hours, take them out of the vessel and put them in a germ-free or sterilized area. Now pour a little bit of dry vermiculite over these cakes and shape them in your desired manner and go for their coating.
Place the cakes again in the chamber or vessel:
Now take these cakes back to the vessel also known as a fruiting chamber. The cakes need to be placed in a way that they are just above the perlite layer but not touching it. You can use the foil to make the square shapes on which the cakes would be placed. Now spray a fine mist of water over them and turn the lid on after keeping it in an airy space for a few minutes.
Wait for more while providing a feasible environment:
At this stage, wait a little bit more providing a suitable environment for the cakes so that they may flourish well and turn into newly developed mushrooms. You will have to provide the following
- Water spray or mist regularly not less than three times a day. But the mist should be fine enough not to make the cakes filled with water.
- Leave the cakes open for few times a day and five to ten minutes each time. The primary purpose of doing this is to provide proper ventilation for growing magic mushrooms.
- Moreover, sufficient light is also required for the proper growth of shrooms. Some people also use artificial light for this purpose. But natural daylight is enough for mushrooms.
This is how to grow magic mushrooms. You can simply follow the step-by-step procedure given above and can be successful in growing magic mushrooms or psilocybin mushrooms.
Buying the magic mushrooms:
Apart from growing them, you can also buy magic mushrooms not only from the market but from many other online platforms as well. They are available in different forms and products. You can get the one you like out of various products of magic mushrooms.
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If you are a person having no prior knowledge about magic mushrooms, this article is what you need to give a read. We have encircled in this article everything from introduction, historical background, modes of usage, and methods of preparation to the platforms for buying magic mushrooms related products.
After having read this article you will be able to have complete know-how about what is magic mushrooms, how does it work and how can one grow them on his own. However, if you prefer buying magic mushrooms instead of buying them, then the platform mentioned is a reliable option for you in this regard.
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